About Breed

Papillon


Available Pets

Weight: 4–9 pounds

Height: 8–11 inches

Clubs, Registries & Associations

  • American Canine Association
  • Continental Kennel Club
  • Universal Kennel Club International
  • American Kennel Club
  • United All Breed Registry
  • America's Pet Registry, Inc.
  • United Kennel Club

(Based on breed recognition. See store for details on this particular puppy.)

Group

Toy

Heritage

Historians have record of the Papillon going back 700 years ago. The Papillon appeared in 13th-15th century Renaissance period paintings, often depicted with French and Spanish noblewomen. The breed originally had ears that droped and were called a Phalene. Over time the ears changed to the erect ears we more frequently see today, and this type is called a Papillon. Both drop ears and erect ears can be seen in the same litter. They love to play, are naturally curious and excel at agility and competitive obedience.

Description

Very small, 8-11” (or more) at the shoulders, weighing anywhere from 5-10 pounds. Their short double coat comes in colors of tiger, brindle, fawn, and apricot.

Health Awareness

The Papillon has a life expectancy of 14-16 years. This breed is also prone to bloat, gastric torsion, cardiomyopathy, ectropion, hip and elbow dysplasia.

Personality

Dainty, amusing, playful, lively and highly intelligent, this little dog loves to cuddle with the family. They are quick to learn good manners and tricks, responding rapidly to positive reinforcement training. Great agility dogs, loving a good romp outdoors including play time with you. They can be difficult to potty train, though, and will require your continual supervision and commitment to teaching them how to use the correct area. While they are not athletic dogs, they do need exercise to keep them calm.

Exercise/Energy Level

Requires a daily walk with off leash playing to keep them exercised. Loves outdoor exercise.

Additional Information

 Grooming Requirements:   Requires brushing at least every other day with regular bathing.
 Coat: Long and fluffy.
 Shedding: Average shedding
 Hypoallergenic: No, due to shedding.
 Apartment Living: Not a good apartment dog because they bark at most noises.
 Lap Dog: No
 Good With Children: Good with older children who understand how to respect a tiny dog.
 Good With Other Pets: Generally good with other pets when socialized well at an early age.

General Appearance

The Papillon is a small, friendly, elegant toy dog of fine-boned structure, light, dainty and of lively action; distinguished from other breeds by its beautiful butterfly-like ears.

Size, Proportion, Substance

Size - Height at withers, 8 to 11 inches. Fault - Over 11 inches. Disqualification - Over 12 inches. Proportion - Body must be slightly longer than the height at withers. It is not a cobby dog. Weight is in proportion to height. Substance - Of fine-boned structure.

Head

Eyes dark, round, not bulging, of medium size and alert in expression. The inner corners of the eyes are on line with the stop. Eye rims black. Ears - The ears of either the erect or drop type should be large with rounded tips, and set on the sides and toward the back of the head. (1) Ears of the erect type are carried obliquely and move like the spread wings of a butterfly. When alert, each ear forms an angle of approximately 45 degrees to the head. The leather should be of sufficient strength to maintain the erect position. (2) Ears of the drop type, known as the Phalene, are similar to the erect type, but are carried drooping and must be completely down. Faults - Ears small, pointed, set too high; one ear up, or ears partly down. Skull - The head is small. The skull is of medium width and slightly rounded between the ears. A well-defined stop is formed where the muzzle joins the skull. Muzzle - The muzzle is fine, abruptly thinner than the head, tapering to the nose. The length of the muzzle from the tip of the nose to stop is approximately one-third the length of the head from tip of nose to occiput. Nose black, small, rounded and slightly flat on top. The following fault shall be severely penalized - Nose not black. Lips tight, thin and black. Tongue must not be visible when jaws are closed. Bite - Teeth must meet in a scissors bite. Faults - Overshot or undershot.

Neck, Topline, Body

Neck of medium length. Topline - The backline is straight and level. Body - The chest is of medium depth with ribs well sprung. The belly is tucked up. Tail long, set high and carried well arched over the body. The tail is covered with a long, flowing plume. The plume may hang to either side of the body. Faults - Low-set tail; one not arched over the back, or too short.

Forequarters

Shoulders well developed and laid back to allow freedom of movement. Forelegs slender, fine-boned and must be straight. Removal of dewclaws on forelegs optional. Front feet thin and elongated (hare-like), pointing neither in nor out.

Hindquarters

Well developed and well angulated. The hind legs are slender, fine-boned, and parallel when viewed from behind. Hocks inclined neither in nor out. Dewclaws, if any, must be removed from hind legs. Hind feet thin and elongated (hare-like), pointing neither in nor out.

Coat

Abundant, long, fine, silky, flowing, straight with resilient quality, flat on back and sides of body. A profuse frill on chest. There is no undercoat. Hair short and close on skull, muzzle, front of forelegs, and from hind feet to hocks. Ears well fringed, with the inside covered with silken hair of medium length. Backs of the forelegs are covered with feathers diminishing to the pasterns. Hind legs are covered to the hocks with abundant breeches (culottes). Tail is covered with a long, flowing plume. Hair on feet is short, but fine tufts may appear over toes and grow beyond them, forming a point.

Additional Information

Always parti-color or white with patches of any color(s). On the head, color(s) other than white must cover both ears, back and front, and extend without interruption from the ears over both eyes. A clearly defined white blaze and noseband are preferred to a solidly marked head. Symmetry of facial markings is desirable. The size, shape, placement, and presence or absence of patches of color on the body are without importance. Among the colors there is no preference, provided nose, eye rims and lips are well pigmented black.

The following faults shall be severely penalized - Color other than white not covering both ears, back and front, or not extending from the ears over both eyes. A slight extension of the white collar onto the base of the ears, or a few white hairs interspersed among the color, shall not be penalized, provided the butterfly appearance is not sacrificed. Disqualifications - An all white dog or a dog with no white.

Gait

Free, quick, easy, graceful, not paddlefooted, or stiff in hip movements.

Temperament

Happy, alert and friendly. Neither shy nor aggressive.

Disqualifications

Height over 12 inches. An all white dog or a dog with no white.

Interesting To Know

  • Translated, Papillon means butterfly, so named because their erect ears look like butterfly wings.
  • Marie Antoinette's Papillon was found hiding in her skirts after her execution.
  • The way the Papillon's tail curls over his or her's back, this breed carries the nickname of a "squirrel spaniel."